Percepción del dolor, rasgos de personalidad y actitud del paciente hacia el tratamiento ortodóntico

Lady Huamán Aguilar, Luciano Soldevilla Galarza, Yuri Castro-Rodríguez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaComentario/Debate

Resumen

Introduction: The pain induced by orthodontic appliances is one of the main reasonswhy patients are reluctant to seek orthodontic treatment, and may negatively affect their cooperation. Objective: Determine the relationship between pain perception, personality traits and patient attitude toward orthodontic treatment. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted of a study sample composed of two groups: I) 200 untreated subjects (78 male and 122 female; mean age 20.02 ± 2.67 years) and II) 200 treated subjects (64 male and 136 female; mean age 20.29 ± 3.88 years). The data collection tool was a questionnaire including an evaluation of pain expectation for untreated subjects, pain experience for treated subjects, patients' personality profiles and attitudes toward orthodontic treatment. Results: No relationship was found between pain perception, personality traits and patient attitude toward orthodontic treatment (p > 0.05). Treatment status (untreated or treated) affected pain perception and the attitude toward orthodontic treatment (p < 0.05); gender did not affect pain perception. Treatment status and male gender affected patient attitude toward orthodontic treatment (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Patients with a better attitude experienced less pain, whereas patients with a greater pain perception showed a negative attitude. Low levels of kindness have an effect on pain perception and patient attitude toward orthodontic treatment.

Título traducido de la contribuciónPain perception, personality traits and patient attitude toward orthodontic treatment
Idioma originalEspañol
Número de artículoe781
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-15
Número de páginas15
PublicaciónRevista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomedicas
Volumen39
N.º4
EstadoPublicada - 2020
Publicado de forma externa

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Attitude
  • Orthodontic treatment
  • Orthodontics
  • Pain perception
  • Personality traits

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