Adaptación y validación del Cuestionario de Tensión T3/15 en trabajadores de salud del Perú

Bladimir Domingo Becerra-Canales, Édgar Martín Hernández-Huaripaucar, Jorge Ybaseta-Medina, Gladys Huamán-Espinoza, Néstor Oliver Gonzales-Aedo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction: The high prevalence of stress-related mental disorders among healthcare workers requires timely assessment and intervention. Accordingly, valid, reliable, and easy-to-administer instruments are required for this purpose. This study aimed to adapt and validate the T3/15 Tension Questionnaire by Meliá (1994) in a sample of Peruvian healthcare workers. Materials and methods: In this instrumental study, 302 workers from the Peruvian health system selected through stratified random sampling were included. The process included changes in the terminology of some items, content evaluation by judges, and pilot testing. Construct validity was assessed via exploratory factor analysis; the number of factors was defined using Horn’s parallel analysis and the fit using confirmatory factor analysis. Results: A reduced version of 10 items was finally obtained, which were grouped into two factors that explained 67.13% of the total variance and an acceptable adjustment (χ²/gl = 3.08; nfi = 0.94; cfi = 0.95; srmr = 0.013; rmsea = 0.080 [ic90% = 0.66–0.10]). The items in the questionnaire satisfactorily discriminated according to the variable sex and occupational group. Ordinal alpha for sociopsychological incidences of stress at work was 0.752 and 0.931 for work-in-duced stress and McDonald’s Omega was 0.867 and 0.965, respectively. Conclusions: The new reduced version of the stress questionnaire demonstrates acceptable metric properties and hence can be recommended for assessing the state of occupational stress among healthcare workers and validation studies.

Título traducido de la contribuciónAdaptation and Validation of the T3/15 Stress Questionnaire among Peruvian Healthcare Workers
Idioma originalEspañol
PublicaciónRevista Ciencias de la Salud
Volumen21
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 set. 2023

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
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Palabras clave

  • Workplace stress
  • health surveys
  • healthcare workers
  • psychometry
  • validation study

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