Trends in gastric cancer mortality 2005–2020 in Peru and its geographical areas: A joinpoint regression analysis

J. Smith Torres-Roman, Dante Julca-Marín, Dayana Ticona-Tiña, Carlos Quispe-Vicuña, Janina Bazalar-Palacios, Gabriel De La Cruz-Ku, Jorge Ybaseta-Medina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is the leading cause of cancer death in Peru. However, information regarding trends in mortality rates in Peru and its geographical areas in the last few decades is lacking. Our objective was to describe GC mortality rates in Peru between 2005 and 2020. Methods: Age standardized mortality rates (ASMR) were calculated per 100,000 person-years using the world SEGI standard population. Joinpoint regression analysis was performed to examine mortality trends. The analysis of the last 5 years was performed for Peru and its geographical areas. Results: GC mortality rates in 2005 and in 2020 were 13.81 and 10.52, respectively, for men and 11.81 and 8.06, respectively, for women. Between 2016 and 2020, Huanuco and Huancavelica reported the highest mortality rates (≥20 deaths per 100,000). In men, Peru and the highlands region reported significant decreases in GC mortality rates in both sexes for some periods. Coastal region significant decreased by 2.6 % in all periods for women. In both sexes, six provinces reported significant decreases in GC mortality rates. Conclusion: Although GC mortality rates in Peru have declined over the past 16 years. They are still one of the highest in the Latin American and Caribbean region. It is important that the Peruvian State seek to reduce the mortality of this disease through prevention efforts, timely detection and treatment in all patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102485
JournalCancer Epidemiology
Volume87
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Mortality
  • Peru
  • Spatial analysis
  • Stomach neoplasms

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