Risk factors associated with cervical dysplasia in women treated in a Peruvian hospital

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Objective: To identify risk factors associated with cervical dysplasia in women older than 17 years. Methods: Case-control investigation involving 105 women (35 cases and 70 controls) in a regional hospital during the period January-December 2018. The information was obtained from medical records, entered into the Epi Data version 4.6 and exported to SPSS version 26 for study. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed, calculating odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Risk factors for cervical dysplasia were identified as secondary educational status or lower (ORa = 17.2, 95% CI 1.7-176.5), number of partners greater than three (ORa = 11.7, 95% CI 1.5-94.9), multigestation (ORa = 17.9, 95% CI 1.1-29.6) and use of oral contraceptives (ORa = 318.3, 95% CI 5.6-171.7). Conclusion: Secondary education or less, number of partners greater than 3, being multigestational, and oral contraceptive use were associated with an increased likelihood of having cervical dysplasia. Interventions should be made to strengthen health education on sexual practices with information on the desirability of early detection of cervical dysplasia.

Translated title of the contributionFactores de riesgo asociados a la displasia cervical en mujeres atendidas en un hospital peruano
Original languageEnglish
JournalRevista Peruana de Ginecologia y Obstetricia
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Peruvian Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. All rights reserved.


  • Human papillomavirus 16
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Risk factors
  • Squamous intraepithelial lesions


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