Relationship between obesity and chronic noncommunicable and infectious diseases

Israel Barrutia Barreto, Yuri Anselmo Maita Cruz, Jorge Arturo Paz López, Dante Crisologo Meza Carassa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: Obesity increases the risk of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and affects the course of diseases of infectious origin. Objective: Reviewing the literature on how obesity influences the severity of the clinical picture of some of the non-communicable and communicable diseases of greatest impact in Peru. Methods: Documentary research, from studies developed in various contexts associated with the presence of obesity along with infections or NCDs. Results: The condition of obesity reached by bad consumption habits and low physical activity is the main responsible for the high rate of NCDs, consequently, mortality. Conclusions: Excess weight affects the immune system, contributing specifically to exacerbated phenomena of a systemic inflammatory response, determined by increased secretion of adipocytokines, which predisposes the body to develop and contract NCDs and infectious diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number178478
Issue number3
StatePublished - 20 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto - U.S.P.. All rights reserved.


  • Aggressive periodontitis
  • Chronic diseases
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Fatty liver
  • Hepatitis
  • Neoplasms
  • Obesity
  • Virus diseases; Coronavirus


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