Phytochemical Profile, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Luma Chequen (Molina) A. Gray from Peru

Julio Luis Díaz-Uribe, María Elena Salazar-Salvatierra, Julio Reynaldo Ruiz-Quiroz, Oscar Herrera-Calderon, Eddie Loyola-Gonzales, Freddy Emilio Tataje-Napuri, José Francisco Kong-Chirinos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Luma chequen belongs to Myrtaceae family and it is known as "arrayan". In the traditional medicine from Peru, L chequen is used as aromatic plant, anti-inflammatory and hypocholesterolemic. Objective: To determine the phytochemical profile, evaluate the antioxidant and the antibacterial activity of L. chequen essential oil. Material and Methods: In the analysis of the volatile components a Gas Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to identify the content of terpenes and sesquiterpenes. 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) was the method used to determine the antioxidant activity and obtain the half inhibitory concentration (IC50). For the antibacterial activity, a colorimetric macrodilution method was carried out to evaluate the effect of the essential oil of L. chequen against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922. Results: The analysis by GC-MS showed two major components alpha-pinene (62.89%) followed by 1,8-cineole (11.94%), and propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, 2-methylpropyl ester with 8.67%. In the antioxidant activity against DPPH radical, the essential oil of L. chequen showed an IC50 equivalent to124.60 ± 2.0 μg/mL. In the antibacterial activity, L. chequen had an MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) for Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 of 4.35 ± 0 μg/mL and 8.71 ± 0 μg/mL respectively. Conclusion: L. chequen presented monoterpene compounds as main phytoconstituents as well as antioxidant and antibacterial activity in vitro. The essential oil might be used as antimicrobial agent in the future overall against S. aureus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-780
Number of pages4
JournalPharmacognosy Journal
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Phcogj.Com.

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Antioxidant
  • Aromatic plant
  • Essential oil
  • Luma chequeen
  • Medicinal plant

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Phytochemical Profile, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Luma Chequen (Molina) A. Gray from Peru'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this