Immunization processes are an effective public health strategy that has been affected by the implementation of a quarantine due to the SARs COV-2 pandemic; The objective of the study was to establish the health implications in immunizations during the quarantine period from March 16 to June 30, 2020 in children under 1 year of age in the Peruvian District of Paucará. An analytical observational study was carried out; the sample consisted of 145 newborns, 21 under 2-4 months and 4 under 6 months. A data collection form was used, which was applied daily according to the cases of vaccination carried out by healthcare personnel. Results show that the application of the BCG vaccine and that against viral hepatitis B by the Microred of Paucará was carried out in a normal way in newborns during quarantine, while vaccines corresponding to the application in children under 2, 4 and 6 months suffered variation in its coverage during the quarantine established by the government of Peru. Immunization processes in children under one year of age were affected by the quarantine process established due to Covid-19, generating non-immunization of newborns from home births, loss of immune response due to failure to comply with the vaccination interval in vaccines such as polio, rotavirus and pneumococcus, reduction in vaccination coverage. The findings of this study show that the rural districts of the Peruvian Andean trapeze are at a high risk of reactivation of immunopreventable diseases, because vaccination indicators are below 80% of protected, which is the minimum standard for avoiding the circulation of such diseases in a vaccinated target population.
|Translated title of the contribution||National Health Strategy for immunizations during quarantine in a rural district of the Peruvian Andean trapeze.|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 2021|
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