Context: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) allows personalizing the dose of valproic acid in patients with epilepsy to optimize drug therapy, minimize adverse effects and detect interactions. Aims: To determine valproic acid concentrations in serum samples from people with epilepsy and to analyze its clinical implications. Methods: Cloned donor enzyme immunoassay; descriptive, cross-sectional, non-randomized, convenience recruitment study of 57 voluntary patients with epilepsy (n = 39 male, 68.42%; n = 18 female, 31.58%) aged between 19 and 62 years. After three months of treatment with valproic acid, a single blood sample was collected from each volunteer at a minimal concentration. Results: Serum drug concentrations 51.30-100.10 mg/L (SD 5.94) and level/dose 2.17-5.31 (SD 1.14) were observed. Association was shown between the dose ratio/dose of valproic acid (R2 = 0.8693; p<0.05) and the Mann-Whitney U test (p<0.05). Valproic acid monotherapy and association with carbamazepine and phenytoin are not different between treatment groups (Mann-Whitney U test: p = 0.391 > α = 0.05). Conclusions: Serum valproic acid concentrations are within the therapeutic range, and there is a significant inverse linear correlation between dose ratio/dose, which must be considered to personalize the dose and optimize the pharmacotherapeutic result.
|Translated title of the contribution||Serum concentrations of valproic acid in people with epilepsy: Clinical implication|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacognosy Research|
|State||Published - Nov 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank the members of the Molecular Pharmacology Society of Peru for their participation in this study. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
© 2022 Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacognosy Research.