Competitividad de los gobiernos subnacionales y su relación con la mortalidad por COVID-19 en Perú

Translated title of the contribution: Competitiveness of subnational governments and their relationship with COVID-19 mortality in Peru

Jose Santiago Almeida-Galindo, Josefa Bertha Pari-Olarte, Luz Josefina Chacaltana-Ramos, Cecilia Guiliana Solano-Garcia, Roberto Santiago Almeida-Donaire, Julia Luzmila Reyes-Ruiz, Melisa Pamela Quispe-Ilanzo, Alfredo Enrique Oyola-García

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Abstract

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed high disparities in the world population. Objective: To describe the correlation between competitiveness and mortality from COVID-19 in Peru, with subnational governments as an element of study. Material and Methods: Observational study based on the secondary analysis of deaths from COVID-19 that occurred in 2020 and the regional competitiveness index of subnational governments in 2019. The crude and standardized rates, the effect index, the difference and ratio of crude and standardized rates, the population attributable risk, the inequality gradient, and the relative and absolute gaps in mortality from COVID-19 were calculated. Results: In 2020, the standardized mortality rate for COVID-19 (COVID-19-SMR) was 267,61 deaths per 105 inhabitants. Additionally, 21,53 % of the variance from the COVID-19-SMR is explained by the regional competitiveness index 2019 (p= 0,019); the slope inequality index was 29,68 and, for each point in the INCORE 2019, the COVID-19-SMR increased 100,78 points (R2a= 0,181). In quintile 1 of regional competitiveness, it was 151,83, while in quintile 5 it reached 449,15. The absolute inequality gap between both quintiles was 297,32 and it reached 2,95 in the relative inequality gap. The concentration curve evidenced the socio-geographic inequality of deaths from COVID-19 in 2020. Conclusions: Mortality increased as subnational governments became more competitive, evidencing the socio-geographical inequality of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Translated title of the contributionCompetitiveness of subnational governments and their relationship with COVID-19 mortality in Peru
Original languageSpanish
Article numbere4871
JournalRevista Habanera de Ciencias Medicas
Volume21
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2022

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